Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully

Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully clause very carefully.

(6) CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION AND DATA


    1. During an Employee’s term of office as stipulated in the present agreement and hereinafter, he or she must not: (1) divulge or consciously permit Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully an outside party access to the Company’s Commercial secret and any other information relevant to the Company’s activities and financial circumstances (bargains, operations or deeds of the Company, the Company’s know Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully-how or the Company’s secret technologies) which pertain to all items, products and services provided by the Company (the “Confidential Information”); (2) to utilize or attempt to utilize, in any Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully manner, the said Commercial Information in his or her own interests, which may or may not be detrimental to the Company or its activities, directly or indirectly lead to damages (except in the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully instances which are connected with the performance of his or her usual routine duties, or when it is done as required by law).




    1. In the event of the Employee’s dismissal for Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully any reason, the Employee must immediately хэнд over to the Company all memoranda, tape-recordings, diskettes, films, photographs, layouts, brochures and notes in any form of record referring to any aspect Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully of the Company’s activities. The Employee must not retain copies of these documents since all such materials are considered exclusively as the Company’s property.




    1. In accordance with paragraph 139.2 of the Civil Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully Code, the Employee must compensate the Company for all damages (including loss of profit) resulting from the non-fulfillment of his or her obligations which are stipulated in paragraph 6.


Answer the questions given Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully in the following situation.


You work for Midland Bank, which has branches around the world. The department you are with deals with the stock exchange. Not long ago the bank bought $10 million worth Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully of shares of ‘Standard Software’, a company producing computers. You visited the ‘Standard Software’s head office several times and мейд friends with Lucy Stark, a secretary of the company’s chief Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully executive officer R. Greenwood, who is considered to be the basic brainpower of the company.

This afternoon you phoned Lucy to invite her to go out tonight and she told you Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully she could leave early because Mr Greenwood had fallen ill.

        1. ^ Is this inside information?

You meet Lucy at a café and she starts telling you that she’s greatly worried Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully about Mr Greenwood’s health. After lunch today he asked Lucy to call an ambulance. When it arrived he complained of pains in his left shoulder and chest and was perspiring profusely. The ambulance took Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully Mr Greenwood to hospital, but the employees were told it was not very serious. Lucy, however, knows Mr Greenwood’s family has a history of heart trouble and that both his Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully parents died of heart attacks.

        1. ^ Has the nature of the information changed?

        2. Did Lucy have a right to give you this information?

It’s common knowledge that ‘Standard Software’ is so successful mainly Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully thanks to Mr Greenwood’s talent. Under the circumstances the shares of the company are sure to go down because of his health problems.

        1. Must you report the information to your Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully superiors?

You are aware that if you reveal the information you will most certainly get Lucy into trouble.

        1. ^ Can you report the information without implicating Lucy?

You decide to keep the secret because Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully it would be an unfriendly step to set up Lucy. However, you have a problem. Practically all analysts at your bank considered ‘Standard Software’ shares a “good buy”, so Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully you invested all your savings in them. If the shares go down, you’ll lose a lot.

        1. ^ Suppose you sell the shares. Will it be insider trading?

You decide to sell the shares Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully quickly hoping Mr Greenwood will soon recover.

You sell them, but the deal attracts attention because just a few days before you discussed the share prices with a co-worker and you both agreed Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully that ‘Standard Software’ was a good investment.

        1. ^ Will your colleague remember it?

Unfortunately, Mr Greenwood dies at hospital. The shares of ‘Standard Software’ go down dramatically and your bank loses a Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully lot of money. Your co-worker suspects you knew something when you sold your shares and reports it to your superior. The latter confronts you and makes you tell him the truth.

        1. ^ Will Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully you be fired?

You must look for a new job, but your references leave much to be desired. Your only hope of getting a good job is to go to another bank Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully and come up with some bright idea which would be attractive to them. Fortunately, when you were working for Midland Bank, you started thinking about a scheme raising money Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully on the basis of floating exchange rates of currencies in South-East Asian countries.

        1. ^ Can you use these ideas outside Midland Bank?

When you were fired you returned all your records and notes Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully to your superior at Midland Bank as your Contract of Employment required. Now you applied to Barkley Bank and suggested your scheme to them. They were greatly interested in the scheme and gave you Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully a job in spite of your poor references. Your scheme is quite successful. Unfortunately, there happened to be a clash of interests between Midland Bank and Barkley Bank. Your former superior remembered Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully that you had mentioned your scheme to him once though he wasn’t interested in it at the time. He also found some notes on it in the papers you had returned Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully.

        1. Will there be a law suit against you?


Now your motto in life is: “Keep your mouth shut!”


Exercise 15. Change the following sentences according to the given examples using Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully Participle I passive or Participle II. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. I heard her mention the fact.

  1. I heard them discussing the problem.




  1. We want them to sign the contract.

  2. They watched the man repairing his car.

  3. I saw Mr Jackson paying the bill.

  4. We saw a boy handing out some leaflets in Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully the underground.

  5. We heard the boss accusing Mrs Jackson of telling lies.

  6. Some business circles want extremists to overthrow the government.

  7. We want them to place the new computer at our disposal Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully.

  8. The man noticed the police arrest some teenagers.

  9. I’ve heard you make too many promises.

  10. I heard you congratulating Max on winning the prize.

  11. The public want the authorities to deprive immigrants of Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully all social benefits.

  12. We heard some journalists interviewing the prime-minister.

  13. We don’t want them to impose this project on us.

  14. The manager would like you to do the job in two Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully weeks.

  15. Reporters heard the police questioning the witnesses of the crime.

  16. Nobody heard them discuss the terms of the contract.


Exercise 16. Complete the sentences using the structure ‘have something done Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully’ or ‘get something done’. Translate the sentences into Russian.


  1. It’s dangerous to drive in icy conditions if you have such tyres. You should go to the service station and ______________ (they/to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully replace).

  2. Our competitors are quite active in the area. If we want to succeed, we must __________________ (a new branch of our company/ to open) there by the end of the month Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully.

  3. Your new dress fits you as a glove. Where did you ________ (it/to make)?

  4. I’m pressed for time. If I don’t ________________ (the work/ to do) by the end of the week, I’ll Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully be given the sack.

  5. The boss wants __________________ (a bank statement/ to send) to him every week, so that he knows our financial situation all the time.

  6. Our firm is Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully advertising a new vacuum cleaner. They come to potential buyers and demonstrate how it works. If you like, they’ll come to you. In such a way you ______________ (your apartment/to clean) for free.

  7. Your Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully awful holiday was the travel agency’s fault. If you go to court, I think you can ____________________ (around $1,000 damages/to award) to you.

  8. Local residents are sick and tired of traffic Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully jams. They are going to make the authorities consider the problem and ___________________ (heavy fines/to impose) on motorists for illegal parking.

  9. The café is closed. If those bikers don’t leave right away Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully, I’ll ______________ (they/to throw out).

  10. I don’t know what such breaches of discipline can lead to. The school board must ______________ (they/to nip) in the bud.


Exercise 17. Supply the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

A.

A popular character in the nation’s top television soap is jailed for something of which she was probably innocent. (1) _______________ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully find) guilty of a series of fraudulent acts she faces months of solitary confinement. A good story line, but wait! Within hours the television station (2) ___________ (to flood) with calls of protest. A national Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully newspaper soon starts up a campaign (3) ______________ (she/ to free). Thousands of T-shirts (4) _____________ (to print) with slogans (5) _________ (to call) for her release. Offices and factory floors echo to the sounds of (6) ______________ (to animate Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully) debates. It even (7) ______________ (to mention) in Parliament. It’s easy to laugh off such idiocies as ‘a bit of fun’, but there’s surely a more serious side. A fair Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully proportion of viewers obviously (8) ____________ (to take in) by the story to such an extent that their perception of fact and fiction clearly (9) ____________ (to blur). (10) _________________ (to read) newspaper reports, millions will pore over Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully their seven-day TV guide to get a preview of the week’s soaps. And half of Britain (11) ____________ (to find) (12) __________ (to glue) to the screen! It’s all very strange.

(From ‘Grammar Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully and Vocabulary for Cambridge Advanced and Proficiency” by R.Side)

B.

Service Without a Smile

You want your washing machine (1) ___________ (to deliver) on Monday. Will you get it? We tried in three countries. Here are the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully results.

Welcome to Birmingham, the friendliest city in the world. We are in Curry’s, the electrical shop, (2) ____________ (to try) to buy a washing machine. The assistant is explaining Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully why it cannot (3) _______________ (to deliver) at a convenient time. His eyes, which look somewhere else, (4) __________ (to bore). “The drivers make their own schedule,” he says. “We can’t tell them what to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully do. If we (5) ____________ (to say) a specific time for you, we (6) ______________ (to have) to do the same for everyone.”

So is Britain really bad at service? Last week we carried an international Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully survey across the world.

Task: In a typical restaurant, change your entire order after five minutes (even if the food already (7) ___________ (to arrive).

Tokyo: Waiter grimaced slightly (more in concern than annoyance Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully), excused himself an hurried off. Returned a few minutes later with the (8) ____________ (to amend) order.

Los Angeles: Waitress, an actress, cracks jokes about pasta (9) ____________ (to be) bad for the waistline, and takes the fresh order Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully without irritation.

Birmingham: (10) _____________ (to perform) with a smile. When the vegetable dip arrived and our reporter said he (11) ____________ (to want) cheese and bacon instead, the replacement (12) ____________ (to serve) within Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully minutes. “No problem at all,” said waitress Sarah Lowe. “Our aim is to please.”

Task: How long must you wait (13) _________________ (a telephone/ to install)? It (14) ________________ (mod.v/do) between noon and 2 p.m. on Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully Monday?

Tokyo: From four days to one week. No.

Rome: Depends on where you live and who you know. For some (with friends) it’s a week; for others (in the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully central district) a year. This year the telephone company promised that the delay (15) ______________ (to bring down) to three months.

Birmingham: At least eight days “to process the application”. No.

Task: Drive into Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully a petrol station and ask (16) _________________ (your windscreen/to clean), (17) ____________________ (tyre pressure and oil / to check).

Tokyo: It’s normal in Japan for petrol station attendants (18) _____________ (to clean) windscreens and empty ashtrays Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully without (19) _____________ (to ask). Oil and tyres (20) ______________ (to check) efficiently.

Rome: Windscreens (21) ______________ (to clean) by hundreds of Polish refugees (22) ____________ (to await) immigration papers.

Birmingham: At the Mobil service station, the assistant looks (23) _____________ (to astonish). Jokes: “Have Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully you got a disabled sticker then?”

(From “Фокус on Advanced English CAE Practice Tests” by Sue O’Connell)

C.

Rich Kids

Today there are more and more young people under the age of Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully 25 (1) ______________ (to become) millionaires. Coming into money at an early age can be tremendously exciting but it can also be fraught with its own problems and dangers. Here are three Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully young people who (2) ___________ (to find) themselves in quite extraordinary financial situations very early on.

^ Tom Hartley

The thoughts of his contemporaries are of football, computer games and latest designer trainers. Yet Tom Hartley, who struck Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully his first deal (3) ____________ (to sell) a Porsche when he was 11, just (4) _____________ (to become) Britain’s youngest self-made millionaire at the age of 14. In the past year he (5) ______ (to be) responsible for clinching Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully deals worth $8 m for his father’s luxury used-car business.

(6) _____________ (to leave) school at 11 and since then (7) _____________ (to educate) by the so-called ‘university of life’, Hartley is Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully serving an apprenticeship and learning something every day.

His father said of Tom: “He (8) _______________ (to talk) with customers on the phone since he was 12. Actually, he’s really more like a partner, which is why Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully I got him a Феррари – he (9) _____________ (to earn) it.”

^ Tracey Makin

The National Lottery’s youngest millionaire confessed yesterday that she (10) _____________ (to delight) with a mere $53. 16-year-old Tracey Makin thought she (11) ____________ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully collect) that modest windfall after matching four numbers in Saturday’s draw and it was only the next day, as she (12) ________________ (to check) her numbers again that she realised she (13) ___________ (to pick Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully) them all – and a win of more than $1 million.

Earlier her mother said Tracey seemed (14) ____________ (to take) the enormous win easy. “She (15) ___________ (to be) very cool about it, but Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully obviously she is ecstatic,” she said. “I don’t know how she (16) ____________ (to manage) to study for her exams, but she (17) _______ (auxiliary verb) and she (18) _______________ (to take) her exams in summer, money or no money Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully.”

Tracey chose her numbers from a combination of friends’ birthdays. “I probably will continue playing the lottery although I was told lightning never (19) ____________ (to strike) twice in the same Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully place,” she laughed. “It slowly (20) _________ (to sink in) but still I really (21) _________ (not to have) the chance to think properly about what I (22) _____ (to do) with the money.”

^ Karl Crompton

What do you Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully give the man who has everything? Well, in the case of Karl Crompton, something to do (23) _____________ (not to go) amiss. Amazingly, just a fortnight after scooping nearly 11 million on the National Lottery, the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully 23-year-old (24) ____________ (to become) bored out of his brain.

(25) _______________ (to become) one of the richest young men in Britain, he (26) ___________ (mod.v./ expect) (27) ____ (to drink) champagne. Instead, the former electrical store Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully worker dines on fish and chips at home and goes out motor cycling with his mates.

Karl admitted: “It’s hard to comprehend how much money I’ve got and when I actually stop Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully (28) _______ (to think) about it, to be honest, it’s too much and I haven’t a clue what to do with it.”

(From “Advanced Gold Coursebook” by R.Acklam)

D.

Time-Eaters

In Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully business or in homework, your time (1) ____________ (to get/to waste) because you think of something that (2) _________ (to slip) your mind, so you drop everything and are off to complete it before you (3) ____________ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully forget) it again. What’s the solution? There are several things you can do to reduce the amount of time (4) __________ (to steal) from you by yourself.

Firstly, remember two principles (5) __________ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully govern) time. The Principle of Consolidation states that you (6) __________________ (more/to do) if you group like activities and execute them all in one time frame. The reason behind this logic is that Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully the preparation time period occurs once for all the tasks. When you interpose activities, you (7) ________________ (to wind up and to wind down), (8) _____________ (to reduce) your concentration and (9) _____________ (not to function) at peak mental Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully effectiveness. And so it takes longer to complete each task.

The other law that affects your time is one you (10) ________ (to hear) for years. “A stitch in time saves Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully nine.” In other words, if you (11) __________ (to spend) some time in preparation before actually (12) _____________ (to begin) to work on a job, you (13) _______________ (mod.v./work) right through and complete it. The total Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully time for getting ready and the doing (14) ___________ (to be) less than the time you (15) __________ (to spend) if you just (16) ____________ (to start) right in performing the task. If you (17) __________ (to clear) the area, before Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully (18) ____________ (to begin) an activity, you (19) _______________ (not to distract) by some paper work your eyes fall on as you are on your priority task. Once you (20) _______________ (to start (emphasized) use conscious self-discipline Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully to stick to it until it (21) ___________ (to finish). Don’t (22) _______________ (your time/to steal) by interrupting yourself.

(From “Advanced English CAE” by Sue O’Connell)

E.

The Cost of Getting Lost

As I Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully studied the London A – Z street guide on the way to a party we (1) _________ (to be) late for, I decided to tell my girlfriend about a new report I (2) ____________ (to read) which said Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully that men (3) _________ (to be) much better map-readers than women. “The report by any chance (4) _____________ (to write) by a man?” she asked. “Yes,” I replied. “But that’s irrelevant. It Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully scientifically (5) ___________ (to prove) that on average …” But she (6) ___________ (to stop) (7) _________ (to listen).

The reason for apparent male superiority in navigating (8) ______________ (mod.v./be) nature, or the different travel experiences available to males as Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully they grew up, with males (9) _____________ (to give) more opportunities to travel by themselves. Either way, there is little doubt that one of the major causes of in-car arguments is disagreement over Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully navigation.

It (10) _____________ (to estimate) that 5% of car journeys (11) ____________ (to make) in unfamiliar areas. A fifth of our mileage during these journeys is the result of navigational mistakes, which means (12) ___________ (to waste) more than Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully 100 million gallons of petrol a year. While the extra fuel puts an unnecessary strain on our wallets, ‘map-rage’, as it (13) _______________ (to become) (14) _________ (to know), can put an ever greater strain Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully on our relationships. The stress of navigating along an unfamiliar route, (15) __________ (to combine) with the different ways in which men and women communicate and navigate, (16) _____________ (mod.v./lead) to tears or Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully worse.

Although some men (17) _____________ (mod.v./see) it as their destiny to be the driver-map-reader, it is not always possible in a car. 79% of women report that if they and their partner are Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully together in the car during the day, their partner (18) ______________ (to drive (repeated action). Thus, unwillingly, women often (19) _____________ (to force) to do the map-reading. But not always. Sharon Carr-Brown, a Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully radio researcher, resists (20) __________ (to become) the reluctant navigator. “I stopped that right at the beginning of our relationship,” she says. Her husband Jonathan, a journalist, confesses to the male stereotype Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully of refusing to stop and ask the way: “I (21) ________ (not to ask (refusal) directions because I don’t see the point. I can’t stand people (22) __________ (to give) me directions.” Neither (23) ___________ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully take) their navigation disagreements very seriously, but many motoring couples are less relaxed.

Gill Mills describes her trip to Scotland with her friend Andrew. “We had to go to Fife in Scotland – I Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully can’t drive so I was in the passenger seat. And unfortunately I get car sick so I can’t read the map. Fife is lovely but finding your way around is Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully pretty complicated. At one point we (24) _____________ (to drive) round in circles. I (25) ________________ (mod.v./kill) him,” confesses Gill. “We (26) ____________ (to travel) in this tiny VW Polo on a boiling hot day Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully, with Andrew (27) ________ (to complain) because he had to read the map. It was like (28) ____________ (to have) a small child on the seat next to you. We (29) ___________ (not to talk) for six months after that.”

Meanwhile Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully, on the way to the party I (30) ____________ (to find (emphasized) the right road eventually but I had to loop round it twice before I (31) ___________ (to find) the right house Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully. My girlfriend spent the wasted time (32) __________ (to smile) sweetly. “The report is obviously absolutely accurate,” she observed irritatingly.

“If you (33) __________ (to let) me finish, I was going to say that it also Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully says that a minority of women have superior navigation skills to a significant minority of men,” I replied. I at the same time (34) _______________ (to think) that neither of us (35) __________ (to be) a Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully member of the respective minorities and that some fool (36) ______________ (to number) the houses atrociously.

(From “Advanced English CAE Practice Tests” by S. O’Connell)


Exercise 18. Read and discuss the following letters to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully the “Fortune” magazine.


Careers

Ask Annie


Dear Annie: How can I get out of attending casual but mandatory company events that end with everyone getting drunk and making idiots of themselves? I am the only woman Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully in the organization. I don’t drink, and I don’t feel comfortable at these things.

Wallflower

Dear Wallflower: Casual or not, if these bashes are mandatory, then clearly you’ve got Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully to show up. However, there is no law that says you have to stay until the last dog is hung. If you don’t have a cell phone, get one. Then ask a friend Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully to call you at a prearranged time – after you’ve had a chance to do some schmoozing but before the festivities reach the Bacchanalian crescendo that bugs you so much – and Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully let your “urgent” call take you gracefully away. For better or worse, people have become so accustomed to the tyranny of cell phones that your colleagues are unlikely to think Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully twice about your exit.

It does seem to me, though, that your problem goes beyond parties. Like it or not, “getting drunk and making idiots of themselves” is an important bonding ritual at Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully some companies. If it is at yours, your wallflower status may eventually do real damage to your career there. Perhaps it’s time you looked for a job at some organization with a more Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully congenial culture. Just a thought.

Annie

(From ‘Fortune’ September, 2008)

A great many of our readers sent comments on a letter from someone signed ‘Wallflower’, who resented mandatory company parties where Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully she was the only one to stay sober.

The consensus is that instead of leaving early, Wallflower might do better sticking around a while. “At these bonding rituals, it’s always nice to have Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully at least one designated driver in the group,” writes a reader at a high-tech company, famous for its beer bashes. “I gave my career a big boost a couple Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully of years ago by sipping Snapples while everyone else got sloshed – and then giving my boss, and his boss, a ride home. It was the first chance I’d had to talk to them Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully about some of my ideas for new products. Amazingly, the next day, they both remembered everything I said.”

(From ‘Fortune’ November, 2008)


Unit 10


Фокус on Grammar: The Gerund

Exercise 1. Replace the words given in Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully italics with a gerund construction. See Grammar Reference Unit 10 §1.

  1. I don’t remember that I said that.

I don’t remember saying (having said) that.

  1. I don’t like it that he has Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully gone away.

I don’t like his having gone away.

  1. I can’t imagine that I could put up with such insults.

  2. I can’t imagine that I could be insulted Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully in such a way.

  3. Mr McRoy admitted that he had forged the manager’s signature.

  4. They acknowledged that they had set up their own company.

  5. The boy admitted that he Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully was often reprimanded by his teacher.

  6. The new employee admitted that he had been charged with theft.

  7. The man reported that he had been assaulted in the street.

  8. Sally mentioned that she Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully had persuaded Mike to join the group.

  9. George denied that he had been threatened.

  10. Daniel denied that he had informed on his friends.

  11. Clara mentioned that Sylvia was severely depressed.

  12. The newspapers Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully reported that the police had started an inquiry into the matter.

  13. The prime-minister denied that the government had abolished inheritance tax.

  14. Mark mentioned that Sheila had given him a хэнд with the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully job.

  15. The client suspected that his bank account was overdrawn.

  16. Sharon mentioned that her mother had sold her jewelry.

  17. No one doubted that he was sincere in his beliefs.

  18. The BBC Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully reported that he had been involved in a lot of crimes.

  19. We will deny that they are the root of your misfortune.

  20. I doubt that you have ever been close to your brother.



Exercise 2. Supply Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully the appropriate forms of the gerund or the infinitive of the verbs given in brackets.

  1. I hear you’ve been having problems. –Yes, but now things seem ______________ (to pick up) gradually Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully. Hopefully, we’ll manage __________ (to sort) everything out soon.

  2. Do you think you’ll resolve the dispute with your counterparts soon? – I don’t think so. The boss refuses even _________ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully consider) ____________ (to come) to terms with them.

  3. The boy is a pain in the neck. Nobody will consent ________ (to keep) an eye on him while you are away, even if you promise ___________ (to pay Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully) for it.

  4. You mustn’t delay ___________ (to offer) Mr Thomson this job, and if you don’t promise ____________ (to give) him a good salary, he might refuse __________ (to accept) it.

  5. We Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully shouldn’t postpone __________ (to sign) the contract. If we do, we won’t manage ________ (to carry out) our initial obligations, and at present we can’t afford ________ (to risk) _______ (to lose) such Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully clients.

  6. I did my best ________ (to dissuade) Eric, but still he seems ____________ (to be determined) _________ (to go on) with his plan. – Well, he never takes the trouble _______ (to think) about the consequences.

  7. Mr Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully Roberts suggested _________ (to set up) a new branch of our company. However, the directors are considering ______ (to rule) it out. They say it will involve _________ (to invest) too much money Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully. – Well, they tend ________ (to rule) out everything new.

  8. I dread ________ (to send) to Paris, at the same time I can’t refuse ______ (to go). If I do, I risk _______ (to lose) my job Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully.

  9. Mark didn’t even bother _________ (to make) up for the trouble he had caused. – Well, he’ll never learn _____ (to be) polite. It’s no use __________ (to teach) him good manners.

  10. Hilary won Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully’t admit _________ (to inform) on Rachel, and she chooses _________ (not to notice) that everybody disapproves of her. – As I see it, she enjoys ___________ (to talk about).

  11. Michael happens ___________ (to know) all along Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully that Betty consented __________ (to marry) Kevin. He just did his best __________ (to conceal) his feelings.

  12. You can’t deny _________ (to charge) with fraud. It’s all registered in police Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully files.

  13. Ethel was speeding and had an accident. She narrowly escaped __________ (to kill). Now she’s мейд up her mind ________ (to give up) _________ (to drive).

  14. The boy admits _________ (to assault) an old lady outside the Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully bank aiming _______ (to get) hold of her purse. He hopes ____________ (not to prosecute) as he is underage.

  15. The accountant denies __________ (to forge) the signature of the manager and claims ___________ (not to see Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully) the documents. The management, however, is determined _____ (to hold) an inquiry into the matter even though it’ll involve ___________ (to turn) it over to the police.

  16. Ellie resents _________ (to talk Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully) about her private life to anybody but she can’t stand ________ (to keep) certain things secret. Now she has мейд up her mind _______ (to tell) you something, she is prepared _______ (to Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully get) it off her chest.

  17. Maggie told John that she didn’t want to pretend ______ (to be) friendly and turned down his invitation. John appreciated _________ (to tell) the truth but he doesn’t Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully understand why people tend _______ (to give) him the cold shoulder.

  18. Robert doesn’t seem _______ (to be) quite well. He shouldn’t delay ________ (to see) a doctor about it. I understand he dreads Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully ________ (to visit) doctors, but it’s no good ______ (to put) it off.

  19. Jonathan claims ________ (to see) me ________ (to open) some secret files. Now he threatens _______ (to inform) on me if I Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully don’t agree _______ (to give) him half of my salary. – It’s pure blackmail. I loathe __________ (to listen) to such stories. Just don’t hesitate _______ (to tell) him what you think of Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully him and avoid ________ (to speak) to him again.

  20. I have loads of work to do. Elisabeth offered ______ (to help) but I’m afraid she really won’t take the trouble ______ (to do Exercise 14. When and if you get employed by a foreign company you will have to sign a Contract of Employment which may include a clause on confidential information. Read an example of such a clause very carefully) anything. – I think you are right. She doesn’t mind _______ (to promise) ______ (to do) something but she wouldn’t care actually ________ (to do) it.



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