Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence.

Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence.

1. All countries must prepare for I 1 internationalized

possible energy... in the future and I

save fuel. I

2. If you want to form a corporation I 2 statute

today you must fulfil... operations. I

3. When one deals with the currency I 3 bureaucratic

of another country, it is necessary to I

know the current... exchange rate. I

4.... is one factor to Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. influence the I 4 monetary

growth of international business. I

5. Some analysts state that most of the I 5 crisis

free worlds production will be... I

internationalized within a generation. I

6. In 1985 the... said that cooperatives I 6 satellite

could be created. I communication

7. International corporation is very I 7 outgrowth

often an... of old trading companies. I

Dialogue

Nick and Ann are having lunch Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence.. Nick is an executive in the international computer company.

Nick Do you like the idea of talking a month’s trip to


Europe and the Far East?

Ann What? You are kidding.

Nick No. First of all I must say that it's a business trip. The company Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. wants me to visit some of our operations. I should have meetings about the new computer I am developing. They think if we combine expertise we'll advance more quickly.

Ann Oh, Nick. It's great. Where are we going to?

Nick To nine countries. We have nine development laboratories. In Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. fact, only now I realize how large the company is, a real global company.

Ann But the company started here in America.

Nick Yes. In this sense, we’re American. Each company has to be incorporated somewhere, here or in Jарan or Canada or India. But our corporation Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. is a real multinational one.

Ann What does it mean then?

Nick Well, we are in 126 countries and we have there 125000 employees. We do our business in 28 languages and more than 32 currencies. Our plants are situated in 13 countries and we have eight development labs.

Ann Now I Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. see. You are multinational. But such industries as shipbuilding, aircraft, automobiles can't survive without selling abroad.

Nick Right By the way, do you know that for the last seven years more than half of the corporation's, net income has come from overseas business. We are the part of the world Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. community.

Ann It's exciting, isn't it?

Nick Yes, now we really саn feel that nations are tied to each other through business operations. This internationalism is our hope for a better world.

Ann Well it's time to pack.

Nick Later

Ann Nick, can you Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. explain me why do you sell a computer to a company in Canada when the company has a plant in Canada?

Nick Well, Ann. For example, it's not unusual for a automobile company from Britain to manufacture automobiles in France for sale in Britain with Canadian-made engine, Swiss transmission Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. and German axles. It's international business.

Ann But it is so complicated to sell the goods to a foreign company with different currencies and all that.

Nick I can tell you how we do.


Ann It's very interesting.

Nick When we deliver the machine to the shipping Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. company, we receive a bill of lading. It's a receipt from the shipping company and it's also the foreign company's claim to the computer when it gets to England.

Ann And what's then?

Nick Then we write draft or check which direct the British Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. company to pay a sum in British pounds to a third party in, let's say, 90 days. We call it a "bill of exchange", which includes the rate of exchange at the time and, in addition, the interest. It must be paid in the 90 day extension of credit.

Ann That Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. is hard time getting the money, isn't it?

Nick No. We take the draft, the bill of lading and other necessary papers to our New York bank. The draft is sold at discount, it means without interest change, for the face value and get dollars. That's Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. the way.

Ann Well, but you get your money from the bank. How does the British company pay? Who do they pay?

Nick It's quite simple, New York bank sends the documents and the draft to its branch in London or to a British bank. The transaction Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. is finished usually by accepting British pounds into a checking account in a London bank.

Ann It seems rather complicating.

Nick It only seems so. The US supplied a computer, exported the merchandise and got back a checking account deposit in a London bank, importing claim on British goods Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. and services.

Ann Could you have dollars instead?

Nick Sure, but in this case we would have reduced the existing British claim on American goods and services.

Ann So what?

Nick If some nations pile up continuing capital surpluses and other continuing deficits the problem can arise in international economics.

Ann I Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. see that I must study the subject thoroughly before we can continue.

Nick Yes, may be.

Active Vocabulary

Expertise- особые познания, компетентность


to advance- продвигаться, двигаться вперед

to sell abroad- продавать за границу

net income- незапятнанная прибыль; (амер.) доход, подлежащий обложению налогами

internationalism- интернационализм

transmission- пересылка

engine- мотор

axle- ось, вал

bill of lading- квитанция, регистрирующая отгруженный Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. на судно продукт

receipt- квитанция

claim- требование

draft- чек, растрата

party- (зд.) юридическая сторона

extension of credit- продление кредита

face value- незапятнанная цена

branch- филиал, отделение

to pile up- накоплять, наращивать

capital surpluses- добавочный капитал


1. How does this bank deal with different currencies? (Explain)

2. Where will you deliver the computer? (Let me know)

3. When did they order the Exercise 1. Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence. merchandise? (I don't know)

4. How did they sell the draft at discount? (It's hard to say)

5. How did they get the extension of credit? (Explain)


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ex2-before-you-read-the-text-match-the-words-to-their-meanings.html